Bad mood, extra pounds, frequent “colds” – there are plenty of reasons for this. If you notice that your working capacity has fallen, your memory and thinking have become worse – perhaps the reason is iodine deficiency.
More than a third of the world’s population suffers from iodine deficiency, and Russians are no exception. An unfavorable situation is observed in more than 30 regions of our country, including in megacities.
The main problem is that iodine gaps can be filled only from external sources (food, iodized salt). However, with significant iodine deficiency, food products will not help, it is necessary to take special iodine preparations, but only after a comprehensive laboratory examination.
Why iodine is so important: research
Iodine deficiency causes a violation of the synthesis of thyroid hormones that regulate the endocrine system. Insufficiency leads to thyroid dysfunction, a slowdown in protein and lipid metabolism in the body. Intellectual abilities also worsen, arterial hypotension develops (lowering blood pressure).
For whom is iodine deficiency dangerous?
- Pregnant Starting from the 10th week of pregnancy, when the formation of the thyroid gland in the fetus occurs, a lack of iodine in the mother’s body can lead to a delay in the intrauterine development of the baby, severe pathologies, deformities, or even death.
- Little children, teens. Without a sufficient amount of iodine, normal growth and intellectual development of the child is impossible.
In order to eliminate the risks of iodine deficiency, it is important to conduct a series of laboratory tests for hormones and trace elements in CITILAB.
First of all, they include:
31-20-001 – TSH sensitive (thyroid-stimulating hormone), which is secreted in the pituitary gland and controls the synthesis of thyroid hormones;
31-20-003 – T3 ( triiodothyronine ) free;
31-20-009 – T3 ( triiodothyronine ) total;
31-20-002 – T4 (thyroxine) free;
31-20-008 – T4 (thyroxine) total.
An increase in TSH will indicate hypothyroidism, which may be due to acute iodine deficiency.
It is also necessary to determine the levels of selenium and zinc in the body, since these substances contribute to the absorption of iodine. For example, selenium is part of a special enzyme, iodothyronine indiodinase , which is responsible for the conversion of T4 to T3 in the liver, and with its deficiency, the exchange of iodine is completely impossible.
95-10-003 – Analysis of the content of selenium ( Se ) in the blood (AAS method);
95-10-013 – Analysis of the content of zinc ( Zn ) in the blood (AAS method).
How to make up for iodine deficiency in the body?
Iodine intake in different regions varies, but in general, according to the norms recommended for Russia, it should not exceed 600 mcg / day.
- Physiological need for adults – 150 mcg / day; pregnant and lactating women – 200 mcg / day.
- The physiological need for children is from 60 to 150 mcg / day.
Of course, it is necessary to include foods rich in iodine in the diet. The best sources are potatoes, cranberries, prunes, seaweed, cod and tuna, seaweed, turkey meat, yogurt.
After donating blood for hormones to CITILAB and consulting a doctor, you can take biologically active iodine preparations (iodine + protein molecule) – in this form, it is absorbed as needed.
It is important to remember that independent uncontrolled intake of iodine is dangerous! When there is an overabundance, symptoms such as “laundress hands”, headache, skin rashes, nausea, upset stomach, increased nervous irritability are observed. Alternative methods, for example, an iodine network, are also dangerous, since in this case they are sent by inorganic iodine.