The human body is a complex system, where each organ is unique, and the health of the child as a whole depends on his well-being. The thyroid gland is one of the most important in the body, therefore the prevention of pathologies of its development in the baby should be carried out on time and under the supervision of specialists.
Child's health and thyroid hormones
The thyroid gland is a group of cells that are responsible for producing hormones of thyroxin and triiodothyronine. Their basis is iodine, these hormones normalize the metabolism in the body and provide it with energy, affect the formation of tissues and constantly interact with the glands of internal secretion, influencing them - the sex glands and the pituitary gland. Therefore, it is difficult to overestimate the importance of the thyroid gland.
If there are any disorders in the development of the thyroid gland, the baby risks serious complications. Congenital hypothyroidism is a condition in which a child is born with a disruption of the thyroid gland and, as a consequence, receives less hormones of thyroxine and triiodothyronine. This disease occurs in newborns quite often - in about 1 child out of 5 thousand - and can cause malformations in all the main areas - in the physical, intellectual and sexual spheres. Determine the presence of the disease can be almost immediately after birth - the hospital is screening, checking the health of the child for the presence of congenital hypothyroidism.
There are other pathologies of thyroid development, which can negatively affect a child's health. If the baby suffers from a general shortage of iodine, gradually he may develop goiter in consequence of an increase in the thyroid gland in size. Autoimmune thyroiditis - in its presence, thyroid cells are recognized by the body as foreign, the immune system tries to destroy them. Nodules in the gland tissue are also caused by iodine deficiency, but they can dissolve over time, therefore they require observation by the endocrinologist, but special treatment is not necessary.
The kid will take no more and no less
The thyroid gland begins to develop at the very beginning of the first trimester of pregnancy and immediately begins to affect the health of the child. If the nutrition of the future mother was not enough products rich in iodine, if the body was strongly affected by harmful toxins (nicotine, alcohol, aggressive environmental influences or radioactive radiation), then there is a good chance that the baby will be diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism after the results of the screening.
If the thyroid gland works in a superfluous mode, then the body affects another disease - congenital thyrotoxicosis. Basically, it is caused by the goiter in the mother during pregnancy. Thyrostimulating substances penetrate the fetus through the placenta and cause an increase in the thyroid gland. The characteristic symptoms are as follows: the baby is very ill gaining weight, the work of the gastrointestinal tract does not stabilize, vomiting and diarrhea are not cured by traditional methods, but the pupils of the eyes expand, as if the child is frightened of something. Also in the crumbs there is an increase in heart rate (tachycardia) and in the future cardiac insufficiency may occur.
Prophylaxis of iodine deficiency in pregnant women
Prophylaxis of pathologies of thyroid gland development consists, basically, in providing the organism of the future mother with the necessary amount of iodine, and the main source of this element for our body is food. Most of all iodine contains seafood. So, from 100 gr of a salmon it is possible to receive about 200 mkg of an iodine, and from a liver of a cod - more than 500, it is the leader in a food table. Also an invaluable source of iodine is protein products of animal origin, but their indices are much more modest - 100 grams of red meat contains about 20 mcg of iodine, one chicken egg is 23 mcg, milk is about 20 mcg. A lot of iodine is also found in cereals and green vegetables (broccoli, cabbage). But nevertheless sea fish should necessarily be present in a diet of the future mum that necessary prevention of development of pathologies of a thyroid gland was spent.
Iodine and baby nutrition
Prevention of diseases associated with iodine deficiency for the baby is also mainly in the balance of the food that he receives. Up to one year, a child's nutrition is 90% or mother's milk, or a highly-adapted formula. If the nursing mother is healthy, then one can not worry, milk is a balanced product, it contains all the necessary microelements in the right amount. But if it is too weak, or can not maintain a healthy diet after childbirth, it is an alarming symptom, as the development of "hidden insufficiency" is gradually possible, when the level of all nutrients in the body decreases, which means that it will take less to the baby. This is completely unacceptable, since even a small but regular shortage of iodine leads to general developmental disorders - the baby grows weak, it is difficult to learn to sit, and then crawl and walk, it is more difficult to correctly perceive, remember and analyze new information - and it was in the first years Life the brain develops the most. Since the crumb does not yet have the opportunity to share his impressions, the first marked symptoms of the oppression of nervous activity due to iodine deficiency in the first 2 years of life can sometimes be seen only in a few years (and even closer to school time) when intellectual activity will already be expressed in Specific actions and words of the child.
And if the baby is on artificial feeding, the prevention of iodine deficiency should be carried out additionally. According to the World Health Organization, in the first 6 years of life a child should receive 90 micrograms of iodine per day. Monitor the intake of iodine should only a pediatrician - an excess of this element can do no less harm than its lack, if the parents themselves prescribe crumbs treatment.
After the appearance of complementary foods in the children's menu, the baby should be ready to eat all the same products that prevent the iodine deficiency in adults. This is, first of all, fish of different varieties (trout, cod, flounder, pike), a wide range of vegetables, meat and eggs.